A flat belt could incorporate cleats, lamination, perforations, profiles, or sidewalls. Flat belts are used throughout many industries. Flat belts have been in use in industry for many decades. They have been and continue to be used extensively in agricultural machinery such as threshing machines, silo blowers, balers, pumps and in generators.
They are also widely used in much of the machinery that is employed in logging and mining applications. Flat belts can also be used in industrial coating, cooling, draining, drying and heating applications. A flat belt’s width is usually a clear determining factor in its application. Narrower flat belts tend to be used more frequently as components in machinery, while wider belts tend to be used more often in conveying systems. Flat belts, like most other belt varieties, can have seams, or they can be endless.
Flat belts can be composed of many different materials. A flat belt’s composition, as well as it shape and size, determine its application. A narrow flat belt made of natural rubber, for example, is unlikely to be used as a conveyor in a heat treating process. First, its narrowness does not lend itself to carrying objects from one area to another.
Second, natural rubber tends to have a low resistance to high temperatures, making it less than ideal in an atmosphere where it may be subject to prolonged high heat. A more likely belt for such a scenario would be a wide, heat-resistant synthetic rubber or plastic belt. Metal belts are also sometimes used for such purposes. Polyurethane (sometimes erroneously referred to as urethane), neoprene, silicone and other synthetic rubber varieties can all be used as flat belt materials. Other possible flat belt construction materials include nylon, PVC and Teflon.